Car maintenance, the things to do

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All about the “basic” checks to be carried out on the vehicle
You can call them minimum checks on the car, or periodic checks : we talk about everything that is not mandatory by law. We refer neither to the periodic revision every certain number of years imposed by the European and Italian regulations nor to the coupons of the Houses . Here the laws have nothing to do with it, and each individual car owner settles as he sees fit, based on several factors: desire to travel with an efficient and safe vehicle, reduce consumption (the more the machine is controlled, the less you spend at the pump), circular without polluting too much, making the various components of the car last longer. In short, being virtuous with your vehicle. Below, some tips that you already know for sure: a sort of synthesis of what we sometimes remember to do.

“Minimal” Cinquina

# 1. Oil.Do not wait until the engine oil level is insufficient  It is advisable to check the level at least once a month and top up if necessary, in a period of 5 to 10 minutes. To check the oil it is advisable to wear gloves, both to limit burns in case of contact with the hot parts of the engine or to avoid getting your hands dirty. First: take out the dipstick. Second: clean it with a clean rag, to see if it is only soiled by the engine oil, or with absorbent paper. Third: insert it again thoroughly. Check the level of the lubricant: it must be between the two notches. If it is near the minimum, and if the car is modern (and not used for more than 150,000 km before the most recent top-up),

#2. Battery. In some batteries battery-car-like-check it with lead acid, there is a color code (inside a small hole) that tells you the current charge of the device. Green means a charged battery. Black means battery charged roughly 50%: it must be recharged. White means battery to be replaced. It is the self-diagnostic led: green = ok, black to be recharged, white = to be “topped up”. In the absence of color, or anyway if you want to go deeper to the question, here is the Tester. With the hood closed and the engine switched off, insert the black cable into the black COM port. Then, insert the red cable into the red port V. Set the selector switch to the direct current symbol V. Set the tester to the voltage level immediately above the battery level.

# 3. Tire pressure.The pressure control must be done “cold”: maximum three kilometers of distance (so the temperature of the elements does not affect the measurement). At least once a month and before long trips. Instead, for a possible “hot” control, a pressure increase of 0.3 bar is to be expected. However, never deflate hot tires. The pressure values ​​are given by the car manufacturer, which also provides indications for normal use on the motorway, at full load: everything is in the use and maintenance manual. To inflate a deflated tire, usually, you have to pull a lever similar to the brake of a bicycle. While if the pressure is too high, you must press a button (which can be plastic or rubber) to deflate it and vent the air as if it were pre-vented on a valve.

# 4. Filter.The cabin filter (which also applies to the “climate”) should be replaced periodically, because if it is clogged it does not perform well task. How often? It depends on the areas in which you circulate (if very polluted or not), from the kilometers traveled. However, you feel bad smells, it’s the right time. Otherwise, approximately, it is to be replaced after the canons 10,000 kilometers. If you are practical, you can change the cabin filter from you, paying attention to the instructions in the vehicle use and maintenance manual. Generally, the filter is located in the engine compartment at the base of the windscreen or in the passenger compartment itself, under the glovebox. Remove the paper filter (accordion) from the filter base and place the new one.

# 5. Deadlines. Eye to the kilometers. Have brake discs and pads checked every 10,000 km. Anyway, do you listen to the brakes, perhaps by asking them a minimum, but always in safety: the brakes “whistle”? Perhaps the brake pads must be replaced (with a low outlay) before the brakes break (with risks for your safety and for your wallet). Eyes also on the light in the dashboard. While the candles are certainly checked every 15,000 km, and it will be the trusted mechanic to assess if you need to replace them.

Discourse apart: revision and cutting

On the other hand, as far as the mandatory revision is concerned , the rule is simple: the machines must be revised for the first time in the fourth year following the year of first registration, within the month of issue of the registration certificate. Subsequently, every 2 years within the month corresponding to the month in which the last revision was carried out. At the motorization or at authorized workshops. And the coupons? It is the houses that indicate when the right time is right. Just to give an indication: car with coupons every 15,000 / 20,000 km or every 2 years; car with oil change every 15,000 km and cutting every 30,000; machine with cutting every 30,000 / 50,000 km or 2 years. Increasingly, moreover, the on-board control unit, thanks to some sensors, is able to automatically evaluate itself, when it is necessary to do the cutting.

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